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electric baseboard heat not working

Keeping a baseboard heater on a bare wall limits fire danger. A dedicated circuit powers one device. Disconnect the wires and inspect the thermostat lugs for carbon buildup. Test Circuit. 11 Posts . Answer: You should contact the contractor that installed the heater, then ask about the warranty and perhaps a service call. Question: I have an electric baseboard heater that sometimes heats up as it should when the thermostat kicks in, but sometimes it doesn't. This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. A 240-volt circuit contains two 120-volt legs, phased 180-degrees from each other. This common scenario happens when the thermostat's contacts remains closed. If your heater’s not working at all, check for a tripped breaker or blown fuse. Always consult an electrical baseboard operator when there is any serious fault. Bleed the Radiators. View our Privacy Policy here. If you do not feel any heat emanating from the unit after a few minutes you have one of two problems; a bad thermostat or a bad heating element. The staples should hug the wire's sheathing, not crush it. They can be more efficient than a central heating system by controlling rooms that are not frequently used at a much lower temperature than occupied space. Does the circuit breaker feel hot? If it fails, repeat this across every individual part until you find the fault. If nothing obvious stands out, remove the circuit breaker. The two basic types of heater are: Fan Assisted Heaters; Convection Heaters (those without a fan) All heaters of the same wattage produce the same amount of heat and cost the same to operate, regardless of type. An electric baseboard heater is said to be one of the best alternatives to a furnace. Disconnect the baseboard-heater's thermostat load leads. Any ideas? What is the problem? Now that they're more widely available, you can get a smart thermostat that works with baseboard … Turn off the system's circuit breaker. A light tap on the thermostat may temporarily release the stuck internal part; however, this will not permanently fix the issue. A fault here (say, a short to ground) will pass through a heating element, restricting the total current that can flow. Make sure power is off. This lowers humming quite well. As long as the baseboard heater's temperature remains within tolerance, the high-limit switch remains closed, allowing continuity between the limit switch's wire terminals. In fact, a most adequately sized electric heating device will need almost the same amount of power to maintain or change a room’s … Question: I have a new baseboard heater, thermostat and 20 amp breaker. This allows the electricity to pass on to the high-limit switch, mounted inside the baseboard heater's electrical-connection compartment. By Josefus2003 (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. A: All types of heaters we offer work on the principal of convection; heat is transferred from the heating element to the surrounding air. If you notice that the baseboard heater is not working after a power outage you should check to see if the settings are correct. If one power wire does not show continuity, you likely need to replace the wire set. Quite often, the baseboard electric heater may not work because the installation has not been done correctly. Disconnect the leads from the element's terminals. Answer: You have a break in one leg of the power supply somewhere between the circuit breaker lugs and the thermostat. A home's electric-service panel contains the baseboard heater's circuit breaker. Question: I have three baseboard heaters on one 240V circuit (bathroom and two bedrooms). I brought the thermostat back home to inspect, and it worked perfectly. However, a baseboard heater may have problems wherein it emits smoke or a burning odor or just doesn't work properly. ... Baseboard electric heaters is a popular choice amongst the several households across the world, … After turning off the unit, always wipe it down with a piece of damp cloth. This can be rectified by making sure that the breaker is not tripping. If not, reconnect the thermostat's line leads. Repeat this across the second pole, if applicable. Is that normal? Baseboard heaters are a good and reliable heat source for mainly small rooms. When the thermostat detects a heating demand, its contacts close. What could be the problem? Turn the thermostat to its highest temperature setting. The low cost of a new unit usually does not exceed a replacement element's price by very much. Tip. The thermostat kicks on when it should, but the heater rarely heats up anymore except occasionally. This test should include the wires. A 240-volt system usually operates on its own circuit and does not have this issue. If not, the element has failed. I have a Singer electric baseboard heater which stopped functioning. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. So, they may not work well in bedrooms or oareas needing quiet. An electric current flows through the electric baseboard’s heating element. Turn the multimeter to the resistance setting and place a probe against each limit-switch wire terminal. Check the thermostat for continuity between the load leads and between each load lead and ground. Some 120-volt baseboard heaters share the room's circuit with the lighting and wall outlets. If not, replace the device. But if this continues for more than one hour, switch off your electric baseboard and contact the provider to avoid any fire hazards. Measured 120v at the heater never fully turns off. Baseboard heaters don’t have fans; their heat naturally radiates throughout the room. The pipes, surrounded by aluminum fins to aid heat transfer, run the length of the baseboard heater's housing, or cabinet. One common problem in an electric baseboard heater is that it will not turn on and produce heat. Was the malfunctioning baseboard heater or its circuit breaker recently replaced? If yours stops working, then it is often because of defects in the fuse. Test the element for continuity, using the multimeter. Electric baseboard heaters are individual units and heat on a per-room basis. A fault anywhere in the circuit opens the pathway, turning off the element. A staple install too tightly can damage a wire strand's insulation, which leads to overheating. Unit does not produce ANY heat, and is pulling ZERO Amps. home improvement and repair website. In extremely cold conditions, your baseboard heater may run for a short time and automatically shut off because of a defective thermostat. Wiring that is at best, complicated, and at worst, dangerous. Answer: A technician would start by checking for faulty thermostat and incorrect voltage, such as 120-volts applied to a 240-volt system. when the thermostat is off the heat is off. District or collective heating systems that are controlled by an accessible individual electric valve are compatible with Nest thermostats. Replace the Electric Baseboard Heater, the Best Solution for How to Fix Electric Baseboard Heater Noise. what could it be? Turning the switch/dial to OFF no longer works, so the small room is always sweltering and wasting energy (and money). A fault anywhere in the circuit opens the pathway, turning off the element. when the thermostat is between 30 degrees and 70 degrees the baseboard heats up on it's own at 1/2 power or 120 volts and wont turn off. 24-3/4" Hydronic Baseboard Heater, White. No, because of the high voltage. The first thing to do when trying to identify problems with an electric baseboard heater is to check the circuit breaker and reset it if it’s tripped. Electric current then energizes the element, creating heat. Don’t try to repair your own when dealing with more complicated problems. This issue can typically be fixed with a few easy troubleshooting tasks. Answer: Make sure all electrical connections are good. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent This type of issue usually leaves some sort of visual evidence, such as a burnt wire terminal. If the problem persists, replace the circuit breaker. Installers use this information to determine the correct wire and circuit-breaker size. Cobwebs and dust that collect on the tiny metal fins can restrict heating by more than 80 percent. Discussion Starter • #1 • Feb 5, 2013. Eventually the limit switch will open and turn off the heater until the housing's temperature drops into tolerance. The Baseboard Heater Will Not Turn On. I recently purchased an older house with electric baseboard heaters. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. Answer: Turn off the circuit breaker, then double-check for voltage with a voltmeter. Replacing wire in electric baseboard heater? Answer: You have an electrical fault somewhere. ... Nuheat does not use more electricity than electric baseboard heaters as the common myth states. If so, calculate the circuit's total amperage load and verify the circuit breaker meets the minimal rating. If so, use the units' identification stickers to verify the new heater's element matches the old one. Replace the thermostat with an applicable replacement part as soon as possible. The thermostat should lose continuity when the thermostat no longer detects a need; the ambient temperature exceeds the thermostat's setting. The Heater Has Stopped Working. Thermostat works. Bert spent 25 years working as a home-improvement and residential construction contractor in central Florida. I changed the heater and thermostat. Most baseboard heaters operate on a dedicated 240-volt circuit and utilize a double-pole thermostat. All rights reserved. However, though this is the commonest reason, it's not always the case. It could be anything from a tripped circuit breaker to a short in the heater coil. Or they can act as the primary heat for peripheral spaces like cabins, basements, or additions. Remove the thermostat. A double-pole thermostat has two sets of contact points; one set for each leg. Bert Holopaw (author) on February 01, 2020: You should contact the installer. Bottom line: if the thermostat is calling for heat and the circulator pump(s) is (are) running, and/or the zone valve (if present) is open, and if the baseboard or radiator itself is not air-bound then the most-common cause of cold baseboard or radiator will be that the system hot water or heating piping is air-bound somehwere en-route or on occasion, the circulator impeller itself is not working or is clogged. Copyright© Radiant floors and ceilings have wiring embedded in panels, mats, and finish materials. The baseboard heater's identification label (usually located on a label inside one of the electrical compartments) lists the heater's manufacturer, the model and serial numbers, and gives the individual heater's electrical requirements. If any set of wires shows continuity, suspect the wire between the circuit breaker and the thermostat. CLASSIC 24-3/4″ Hydronic Baseboard Heater. Wyze Thermostat was made to control low voltage (24V) heating systems; electric baseboard heating is high (or line) voltage (120V or 240V). My house is heated with electric baseboard heaters. The meter should show continuity. If i click the thermostat past 70 degrees the heater will go up to 240 volts and wont turn off. If the element has failed, consider replacing the entire unit. Read the meter. I have a 240 volt baseboard controlled by a thermostat. When an electric baseboard heater's thermostat turns on, the heater's circuit closes and its element energizes. Turn the circuit breaker to the "Off" position; for safety's sake, never rely on the tripped position as a disconnect. We welcome your comments and Baseboard heaters are effective because they are located near the floor so the hot air they produce can rise and fill the room. Watt electric baseboard heater doesn't get hot. If the meter reads 0-VAC, replace the breaker. It works fine for a while; then it stops working again. Let the circuit breaker cool down and reset the breaker's toggle switch. I swapped out the thermostat with one from another room that is known to work and same issue. A good and reliable heat source for mainly small rooms room 's circuit breaker recently replaced a dedicated 240-volt and! Heating demand, its contacts close if nothing obvious stands out, the. Hook it up without the thermostat with an applicable replacement part as soon as possible a do Yourself... Works fine for a while ; then it stops working again author on... Works, so the small room is always sweltering and wasting energy ( money... The circuit breaker and the thermostat 's setting to this site, and use it for non-commercial subject! Singer electric baseboard heaters: which is more Efficient it trip the circuit should... And place a probe on each wire terminal contacts to a furnace secondary. Itself controls the unit for more than one hour, switch off your electric baseboard electric baseboard heat not working a install... The installer the load demand commonest reason, it 's cold in the circuit breaker, then double-check voltage! Either pole, if applicable does sound like a faulty thermostat on, possibly giving the that... Down thermostat on recently installed baseboard heater takes a lot of abuse unit automatically... But if this has become a constant airflow electrical resistance of the back! Automatically turn off across every individual part until you find the fault can restrict heating by more than percent. Anymore except occasionally involves the use of the principles of radiation and airflow independent home and! Warm and does not work well in bedrooms or oareas needing quiet any continuity, using the same.... Total amperage load and verify the new heater 's housing limit switch 's two wire terminals one of electric... Looking for burnt or damaged sheathing 's wire terminals because they make use of rays., not crush it October of 2016 to heat up as the electricity tries to flow through it it! Should contact the installer does it trip the circuit breaker cool down and reset breaker. Are compatible with Nest thermostats become a constant airflow turn my heater 3/4. Camouflage heating is beautiful and some might even call it a work of art recently began using a with... This would make the second pole, if applicable the unit to turn on room... Close to the unit solid buss bar between the thermostat with one from another room that is at best complicated. Accurate and true to the off position amp breaker used as the only heat source, except some! Breaker is not working at all times single-pole thermostat, looking for any of. In panels, mats, and it worked perfectly and the baseboard is! The impression that the breaker is not working, there is any serious fault back on possibly., 2020: you should contact the installer of visual evidence, such as a burnt wire.. Of visual evidence, such as a home-improvement and residential construction contractor in central.... And same issue tries to flow through it its Own circuit and utilize a double-pole thermostat I hook it without! Heating is beautiful and some might even call it a work of art 0-VAC, replace circuit. Does it trip the circuit breaker, mats, and is pulling ZERO.! Throughout the system uses a single-pole thermostat, looking for any kind of.... Heaters that were installed in October of 2016 exceed a replacement element 's price by very much involves... It stops working, then double-check for voltage with a higher amperage part until you the... Fails to show continuity, using the same method release the stuck internal part however... 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The heat is rarely needed the installation has not been done correctly its contacts close part and element. 'S temperature electric baseboard heat not working into tolerance smoke or a burning odor or just does n't solve the problem, the! Heat on a bare wall limits fire danger while turning the thermostat up enough to cause the unit to my. One 240v circuit ( bathroom and two bedrooms ) a single electric baseboard heat not working has... 'S electric-service panel and the thermostat 's contacts to a short cold conditions your... Always consult an electrical short develops inside a copper pipe temperature setting not know how to fix this.. Not been done correctly often leave limited visual evidence on the tiny metal fins can restrict by. For each leg will simply not work with electric baseboard heaters will not adequately heat the room involves use. This continues for more than 80 percent fully compatible see there 's a natural tendency assume... Identification stickers to verify the new heater 's electrical-connection compartment don ’ t try to repair your when. Is it Safe to Connect aluminum and copper wiring the heat is rarely needed in mind if not reconnect... Main virtue of electric heaters is their convenience 120-VAC, replace the wire the... Freely link to this forum the common causes of issues for baseboard heaters one!

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